Baku: The first oil well in the world.

Baku: The first oil well in the world.

Azerbaijan, Baku. 1847, the region named Bibi-Heybat , also known as Black City. The oil in this place is literally everywhere: it pours out of the desolate ground in the form of jet-black whorls swiftly covering bare feet and even bent bodies of workers: their skin is bronze because of the sunburn and their straw hats on heads are getting unbraided day by day. To be attired in black gold all the time — it sounds like one of the three wishes to the Genie — incredibly tempting — doesn’t it? But not in the case of Baku workers in the oil fields: it is tiring job and their effort is unvaluable — to work under midday sun (which has become the reason of faint more than once), to inhale heavy lead odour of the baku treasure rich with naphthenes , and sometimes coming accross the suplies of casing-head gases to be burnt with the fire in which turn homologs of methane: when oil comes out of the ground , gase pressure rapidly decreases and gase secedes from it.

Azerbaijan needed harware to accelerate the process of petroleum extraction. Oil wells would be an essential factor in ensuring the effectiveness of oil production . That is what V.I. Semenov had been thinking about in 1844 — a member of the Main Department Council — and wrote the report in which necessity of holding exploration of production layers was mentioned. Drilling had been expected to be held in a location nestled among balakhanic, cabristanic and baibatic wells. The idea was suggested to Semenov by a russian mining engineer N.I. Vosckoboinickov — a manager of shirvan and baku oil and salt fields. In 1846 the treasury chamber was ordered to allocate one thousand silver rubles. The first oil was received using wooden struts and it was 14 July 1848 the date when the first oil well was drilled! The depth of the first exploratory hole was 21 metre.

Azerbaijan needed harware to accelerate the process of petroleum extraction. Oil wells would be an essential factor in ensuring the effectiveness of oil production . That is what V.I. Semenov had been thinking about in 1844 — a member of the Main Department Council — and wrote the report in which necessity of holding exploration of production layers was mentioned. Drilling had been expected to be held in a location nestled among balakhanic, cabristanic and baibatic wells. The idea was suggested to Semenov by a russian mining engineer N.I. Vosckoboinickov — a manager of shirvan and baku oil and salt fields. In 1846 the treasury chamber was ordered to allocate one thousand silver rubles. The first oil was received using wooden struts and it was 14 July 1848 the date when the first oil well was drilled! The depth of the first exploratory hole was 21 metre.

Baku oil attracted numerous countries throughout its existence during different periods: Russian Empire, Soviet Union, European countries ( in particular, Germany, Great Britain and etc. ). And there is a justification of it: Baku oil is rich with the naphthenes concentration and has practically no sulphur in comparison to bashkirian and tumenian one. It is also worth noting an interesting fact which confirms the singularity of precious source in the territory of AzerbaijanDuvanniy ( Zanbil ) Condensate — the unique by its quality and purity all over the world. Local population poured this condensate into kerosene lamps without any processing and it didn’t smoke, the same about gase. The elements of the coal oil lamps can be met in the narrow streets of IcheriSheher ( Old City ) — the symbols of inexhaustible Baku oil in the form of lanterns which are lit at nights at every window…

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