Baku Old Town (also Baku Old City or Inner City) is the biggest historical attraction in Baku. Fortress walls surround the Old Town. Being classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the Old Town is not only a bunch of ancient stones, but it is a lively area with about 3000 inhabitants.
History of the Old Town
According to some scholars, the Old City dates back to the 12th century, while others believe that the Old City and the Maiden Tower belong to the 7th century.
Many monuments were constructed in Baku during the period between 11th and 16th centuries. The Sinig Gala Minaret, the Maiden Tower, the Multani and Bukhara Caravanserais, the Haji Gayyib and Gasimbey bathhouses, the Palace of Shirvanshahs, as well as the fortress walls and towers are among those.
During the Russo-Persian War (1804 – 1813), the Russian Empire occupied Baku, the city with 7 thousand inhabitants. There were 500 households and 707 shops in the Old Town, which was the only neighborhood of the city. In this period, Baku began to expand beyond the city walls and thus new neighborhoods appeared.
With the beginning of the rule of Russian Empire in 19th century and early 20th century, traditional oriental architecture has changed. Many European buildings were constructed using styles such as Baroque and Gothic.
List of the historical monuments of Baku Old City
The Palace of the Shirvanshahs
Sinig Gala Minaret
Haji Gayyib Bathhouse